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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
Environmental assessment is a procedure that ensures that the environmental implications of decisions are taken into account before the decisions are made. The process involves an analysis of the likely effects on the environment, recording those effects in a report, undertaking a public consultation exercise on the report, taking into account the comments and the report when making the final decision and informing the public about that decision afterwards.
Source: European Environment Agency
Landscape means an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors.
Source: Council of Europe, The European landscape convention
Landscape architecture
Landscape Architecture encompasses the fields of landscape planning, landscape management and landscape design in both urban and rural areas and at the local and regional level. It is concerned with the conservation and enhancement of the landscape and its associated values for the benefit of current and future generations.
Source: ECLAS, European Council of Landscape Architect schools
Landscape ecology
Landscape ecology is the study of spatial variation in landscapes at a variety of scales. It includes the biophysical and societal causes and consequences of landscape heterogeneity. Above all, it is broadly interdisciplinary
Source: International Association of Landscape Ecology
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
Strategic Environmental Assessment is a systematic process for evaluating the environmental consequences of proposed policy, plan or programme initiatives in order to ensure they are fully included and appropriately addressed at the earliest appropriate stage of decision-making on par with economic and social considerations.
Source: Sadler and Verheem (1996) Strategic Environmental Assessment: Status, Challenges and Future Directions.
Sustainable development
Sustainable development is development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs and requires dealing with economic, social, and environmental policies in a mutually reinforcing way.
Source: The Brundtland Report
Sustainability Impact Assessment (SIA)
Sustainability Impact Assessment is a process which seeks to identify economic, social and environmental impacts of a decision. It integrates sustainability by informing negotiators of the possible social, environmental and economic consequences.
Source: European Commission, Impact Assessment Guidelines